essay修改应该从哪些方面入手？如何修改比较稳妥？ essay修改 国外高校的小作文非常多，很多留学生都感觉非常棘手，不知道该怎么写，即使能够独立完成，小作文的质量可能也不够高，需要进行修改。那么essay修...View details
Physics as a Human Endeavor
Never at Rest – A Biography of Isaac Newton
物理学论文课业代写 Isaac Newton is one of the most renowned physicist of the world, having coined concept after concept which became famous and then widely accepted.
Isaac Newton is one of the most renowned physicist of the world, having coined concept after concept which became famous and then widely accepted. When asked how he formulated his ideas on universal gravitation, Isaac Newton simply replied: ‘By thinking on it continually. He never truly rested, that is what the book is all about. The author describes, how Newton was always working, if not physically, then at least his mind was always thinking about one concept or another, and Newton loved the exchange of ideas.
Newton’s Principia helped Kepler’s 3 core ideas gain prestige. 物理学论文课业代写
They were deemed ‘laws’ after the publication of the Principia (Westfall, pg. 6). He was fascinated by the works of Aristotle, Descartes, and Kepler, and decided to teach himself mathematics by learning from available publications. His drive and passion for knowledge, ignited a burning desire inside him, which allowed him to transcend boundaries, and gain knowledge through trial and error. He was not the kind of person who only believed in developing hypothesis, he also loved conducting experiments and proving or disproving theories.
Hooke and Newton wrote letters to each other, in which Hooke talked about his ideas on tangential motion and acceleration towards direction of force (Westfall, pg. 12). These letters helped Newton in coming up with the correlation between Keplerian Motion, and Centripetal Forces. Through their discussions, Newton was able to come to the idea that the curved path of the celestial objects was caused by inverse force.
His work on the principia is what really set him apart from others.
While many people believed that alchemists during that era were nothing more than con artists, Newton still continued to do alchemy. His Prinicpia was mostly based on the ideas that were previously shared by Kepler and Galileo, and Newton was well aware of that. This is because he heavily relied on the technical advancements being made by the astronomical community as they provided better and accurate data. Based on the principles developed by Hooke and Boyle for scientific experimentation, Newton conducted experiments. The final book of the Principia, was immensely influenced by the work that was exhibited in Kepler’s Copernican System.
There were a lot of people who did not agree with Newton’s ideas, and Newton faced intense competition in proving his theories correct. 物理学论文课业代写
For example, Newton disagreed with Galileo’s measure of matter, and because Descartes’ measure of matter was also found to be invalid by Robert Boyle, therefore, Newton did not agree with that either. The concept of “mass” which was developed by Newton was strongly opposed by Ernst Mach (Westfall, pg. 59). And because there were others who considered alchemists to be con men, therefore, many people made light if his theories.
Newton’s Principia shifted the course of natural philosophy in the 16th century (Westfall, pg. 59).
This was because it was able to rationalize nature mathematically unlike the works that came before it. The manner in which Newton came up with the Universal Law of Gravitation, was something that was frowned upon by the scientific community. Leibniz was one of the most prominent enemies that Newton had made for himself, and they had different preferences when it came to the use of mathematics. He accused Newton of plagiarizing his work, which was defended by Nicolar Duillier, who had the earlier versions of Principia’s Manuscripts, thus proving that Newton had come up with those concepts on his own.
While his work was scorned upon and disagreed with by his fellow scientists and mathematicians, what is interesting to note is that eventually his work was found to be extremely important and sound in its theories. However, later on, his work was considered to be one of the best of its time, and set the basis of all the things that would eventually be taught in physics. Newton’s Principia, helped in changing the manner in which natural philosophy was referred to. It is considered to be one of the most prominent books to be published in that era.
To conclude, Newton’s work as a whole is considered to be remarkable by the entire world, however, during his time the work was heavily critiqued by his peers and rivals. With the passage of time, his work is the most widely cited and taught when it comes to teaching physics and it is considered to be one of the most significant works of his time.
Richard S. Westfall, Never at rest. A biography of Isaac Newton, retrieved 22-10-18 from;