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HE Capstone project
健康经济作业代写 In this capstone project you will be given a range of different exercises to test your knowledge of economic evaluations The project has four
In this capstone project you will be given a range of different exercises to test your knowledge of economic evaluations
The project has four different sections.
– SECTION 1: DALY CALCULATIONS [14 marks]
– SECTION 2: COSTS [7 marks]
– SECTION 3: COST-UTILITY ANALYSIS – CASE STUDY [17 marks]
– SECTION 4: ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF ECONOMIC EVALUATIONS [12
Please note there will be times where you need to look up additional information yourself (such as if you are given the setting, you will need to look up the relevant cost-effectiveness threshold).
In terms of the answers that require values – do not worry about where exactly you do the rounding, just report the values to the stated number of decimal places.
Note the word counts are a max to help guide you with how much to write for each question, you can write less.
SECTION 1: DALY CALCULATIONS [14 marks] 健康经济作业代写
Question 1: An intervention averts 80 DALYs a year for 10 years. Estimate the discounted total number of DALYs averted by this intervention – using a discount rate of 3%? (2 marks). Please provide your answer to 2 decimal places and show your working.
Question 2: You need to assess a morbidity management strategy for patients with chronic lymphatic filariasis. What are the limitations of using the numbers of DALYs averted for evaluating this health intervention (4 marks) [250 words max]
Question 3: For what reasons would you use DALYs over QALYs when evaluating a health intervention (4 marks) [140 words max]
Question 4: The global burden of disease study uses a standard life expectancy table when calculating the number of years of life lost within its DALY burden calculations. The same life expectancy table is used for all countries – why do you think this is? (4 marks) [140 wordsmax]
SECTION 2: COSTS [7 marks] 健康经济作业代写
A medical condition is being treated with a combination of drugs and a medical device. The duration of the treatment is one year. The medical device has a 5-year useful lifespan.
|The annual costs related to the national health service’s resources utilised in providing the treatment (such as personnel/consumables etc). This does not include the costs related to the drugs or the medical device.||£2,000 per patient|
|The annual costs associated with the drugs provided by the national health service||Provided to the health service at a subsidized cost of £4,000, but normally would cost £13,000 per patient|
|The total cost of the medical device provided by the national health service. It is only used for this intervention, and one is needed for each patient.||£4,000|
|The travel costs incurred over the year by the patient for accessing the treatment||£300 per patient|
Question 5: Using the health care provider perspective estimate the total annual financial and economic cost of the intervention per patient. Use a discount rate of 3% [3 marks]. Please provide your answers to 2 decimal places and show your working.
|Annual financial cost per patient|
|Annual economic cost per patient|
Question 6: Why are economic costs important to use within economic evaluations? (4 marks) [180 words max]
SECTION 3: COST-UTILITY ANALYSIS – CASE STUDY [17 marks] 健康经济作业代写
A new treatment has been developed for a mental health disorder that does not currently have an effective treatment. There are four different treatment regimens that need to be evaluated for the UK setting. The current standard of care cost to the NHS for managing the disease for these patients is £5000 (per patient).
Question 7: Based on the total economic cost and QALYs gained estimates provided, estimate the ICERs for the different treatment options (8 marks). Please provide your answers to 2 decimal places and show your working/the steps to the calculation.
Question 8: What treatment would you recommend based on the results – justify the decision? (2 marks) [50 words max]
Question 9: If the societal perspective had been recommended instead, how would this have affected the analysis and its interpretation (5 marks) [220 words max]
Question 10: If you were evaluating a mental health condition that recurred throughout the patient’s life, what model type would be most appropriate to use for the analysis and why? (2 marks) [100 words max]
SECTION 4: ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF ECONOMIC EVALUATIONS [12 marks]
Question 11: There is a new form of vector control which could significantly reduce the burden of dengue in Vietnam. An economic evaluation is needed to evaluate the value for money of this intervention and to inform in which specific settings within the country the intervention should be conducted. Justify why cost-utility analysis should be used over the other types of economic evaluations for these research questions (6 marks) [400 words max]
Question 12: What are the limitations of this type of economic evaluation in this specific context (i.e. in Vietnam and targeting dengue) (6 marks) [400 words max]